What is ISO 14001 | Elements of ISO 14001 standards

What is ISO 14001?

The ISO 14000 is a set of Environmental Management System (EMS) standards developed by the international organization for standardization. The standard provides practical tools for organizations looking for addressing and controls their environmental impact and improves performance in environmental issues.

The ISO 14001 is an international standard focuses on Environmental Management System which maps the framework that organizations follow to setting up best and effective environment management system. The ISO 14001:2004 standard can be used by any company and organization of any size and type to control the environmental issues and impacts. ISO 14001 is known as a generic management system standard, meaning that it is applicable to any size and type of organisation, product or service, in any sector of activity and can accommodate diverse socio-cultural and geographic conditions. The ISO 14001 provides assurance to company management and employees as well as their stakeholders that environment impacts are being measured and improved.

ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Elements

The ISO 14001 Specification envisages 5 Core Elements for EMS, for the purpose of certification by third parties. These are:

I. Environmental Policy
II. Planning
  1. Environmental aspects.
  2. Legal and other requirements.
  1. Objectives and targets.
  2. Environmental Management Program.
III. Implementation and Operation
  1. Structure and responsibility.
  2. Training, awareness and competence.
  3. Communication.
  4. EMS documentation.
  1. Document control.
  2. Operational control.
  3. Emergency preparedness and response.
VI. Checking and Corrective Action
  1. Monitoring and measurement.
  2. Non-conformance and corrective and preventive action.
  1. Records.
  2. Environmental Management System audit
V. Management Review


1. Commitments and Policy
An organisation should define its environmental policy and focus on what needs to be done for ensuring continual environmental performance. It should also ensure commitment to the policy.

2. Planning
An Organisation should formulate a plan to fulfill its environmental policy.

3. Implementation
For effective implementation an Organisation should develop the capabilities and support mechanisms necessary to achieve its environmental policy, objectives and targets.

4. Measurements and Evaluation
An organisation should measure, monitor and evaluate its environmental performance.

5. Reviews and Improvement
An organisation should review and continually improve its environmental management system, with the objective of improving its overall environmental performance.

The Benefits of ISO 14001 Implementation

The implementation of environment management system as per ISO 14001 EMS standards gives you systematic way to controls the effects your organization has on environment. It also provides confidence to its interested parties that – environment policies, objectives and expectations are met to the EMS standard requirements. It can provide further evidence of responsible care, regulatory compliance as well as continual improvements. The key benefits of implementation of ISO 14001 standards are as listed below:

  1. Increase the Acceptance from financial institutions, Bank, Public, Insurance etc.
  2. Improve Industry - Government Relations.
  3. Improve Environment Performance, which in turn increase productivity of man and machines.
  4. Meet customer’s environment expectations and maintain good public relations.
  5. Govt. benefits.
  6. Ability to Meet;
    • National/ International Legislation
    • Regional Variation in Legislation
  7. Health and Safety of Workers
  8. Public Image.
    • Consumer Opinion
    • Inter-company/ international Trade
  9. Increase Employee Confidence.